Dangerous and hazardous goods

Dangerous and hazardous goods transportation (ADR), classification, description and recommendations.
Dangerous cargo (also known as Hazardous Cargo) — is a cargo that can damage the life or health of people and the environment during transportation accident.
Transportation of dangerous goods is regulated by the UN-initiated "The European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road" (Accord européen relatif au transport international des marchandises dangereuses par route, ADR). In Russia is existing an analoque - ДОПОГ.

At the UN has been created a list of hazardous substances, which includes more than 3,000 items and has its own four-digit identification number. The list is divided into 13 hazard classes - each class has its own rules for transportation.

Hazard class 1: Explosives

Sub-Divisions 1.1—1.3. Substances and articles with a high risk of explosion, scattering or ignition.
Sub-Division 1.4. Explosives and articles that do not pose a significant hazard.
Sub-Division 1.5. Explosives and articles with very low sensitivity and which have risk of explosion.
Sub-Division 1.6. Products and articles with very low sensitivity, with no risk of explosion or fire.

Hazard class 2: Gases

Sub-Division 2.1: Flammable gases.
Sub-Division 2.2: Non-flammable, non-toxic gases.
Sub-Division 2.3: Toxic gases.

Hazard classes 3 и 4: Flammable liquids and flammable solids

Class 3: Flammable liquids.
Sub-Division 4.1: Flammable solids.
Sub-Division 4.2: Substances liable to spontaneous combustion.
Sub-Division 4.3: Substances which emit flammable gases during contact with water.

Hazard class 5

Sub-Division 5.1: Oxidizing substances (liquids, gases and solids).
Sub-Division 5.2: Organic peroxides.

Hazard class 6

Sub-Division 6.1: Toxic substances.
Sub-Division 6.2: Infectious substances.

Hazard class 7: Radioactive materials

Sub-Division 7A, Category I — White: Radiation level is not more than 0.005 mSv/h.
Sub-Division 7B, Category II — Yellow: Radiation level from 0.005 mSv/h to 0.5 mSv/h.
Sub-Division 7C, Category III — Yellow: Radiation level from 0.5 mSv/h to 10 mSv/h.
Sub-Division 7E: Materials consisting of fissile nuclides.

Hazard class 8: Corrosives

Class 8: Chemical products, corrosive to metals.

Hazard class 9: Miscellaneous

Класс 9: Substances and articles which are not covered by other classes.
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